Originally posted 2019-01-31 23:09:08.
Key 13 month baby milestones to be discussed
Today we will discuss weight, height, speech, walking and diet milestones that a 13 month child is expected to accomplish. According to the University of Illinois (2019), a child enters the toddler stage when he or she learns to walk. This phase of development is also a very important one.
13 month old weight and height milestones
Babies weights vary according to sex at 13 months. Thirteen month old girls weigh an average of 20.2 pounds while boys on average weigh 21.8 pounds. Girls’ average height is 29.6 inches while boys should be about 30.3 inches tall.
13-Month-old speech milestones
Thirteen-month-old children speak by babbling. He or she may use sounds like “ba” for bottle and “da” for “dada.” They may also use gibberish but don’t speak any actual words. ut doesn’t consists of any actual words. The vocabulary of a 13-month-old say consists of about one to two words.
13 month communication milestones
The child improves in communication skills and can point to what they need without crying.
13 Month old walking milestones
Most toddlers can pull themselves up to a standing position and can cruise around the room while using furniture. About half can take a few wobbly steps on their own. Parents and caregivers can implement the following steps to help the child to walk:
– Help the child to stand with support and kneel in front of him or her. Hold both hands and give lots of encouragement step towards you. If the child attempts to walk, shuffle back on your knees and see if she will take a few steps.
– Provide a toddle truck or a similar toy that child can hold on to and push. The toddle toy should be stable and possess a wide base for support. Provide enough space for the toddler to move around and build confidence.
My one year old nephew began using a toddler truck maybe about eleven months. The child would almost run behind the truck and make big steps as if he was impatient to begin walking. He made his first steps on Christmas day 2018.
The impact of music rhythm on walking
The impact of music rhythm on walking was first drawn to my attention to my brother who wrote a guitar instrumental as he taught his infant son Don to walk with a four four music beat. As I questioned about the story behind the song, he indicated that he heard it being downloaded in his spirit as he taught Don to walk using this beat.
Curious, I began to search the literature on music and brain development and unearthed some very important research in the field of Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation. This science shows us that music rhythm or beats improves balance, control of muscles and limbs as well as walking tempo.
Neuroscientist and musician Dr. Jessica Grahn also asked if music rhythms have an impact on movement. Her fascinating study showed that movement centers in the brain are activated whenever people hear musical rhythms. She is now using the research findings to help people with movement disorders to move.
The lesson is that parents can use rhythmic beats to help their child to learn to walk.
The 13 month old child should be settled into a sleep routine by now, although this can be disrupted by factors like illness. The child needs 11 to 14 hours of sleep total in a 24-hour day which should include daytime naps.. Some 13-month-olds take two naps per day but others take one nap by about 18 months.
Refusal to sleep
Children love to delay sleep and may ask for water, special toys as an excuse. Parents should establish and maintain a bedtime routine to help the child to sleep. For example, the room could be make comfortable, .and the parent should reduce trips in and out of the room. promotes can a good night’s sleep for a toddler (and for you.)
The child is able to eat a varied diet, but may implement this slowly as they adjust to new foods.
13 month old food volume
Toddlers need approximately 1,000 calories per day, or about 40 calories for each inch of their height. The volume per meal should be about one-fourth the size of an adult portion. The child should eat what the appetite allows.
What To Feed A 13-Month-Old
A thirteen month old child should be fed with complementary foods in addition to frequent breastfeeding according to the mandate of the World Health Organization (2003):
Infants from 6 to 18 months are especially vulnerable to developing malnutrition. To sustain the gains made by promoting exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life, interventions need to extend into the second half of infancy and beyond, to enable caregivers to appropriately feed their children with safe and adequate complementary foods while maintaining frequent breastfeeding.
UNICEF (2018) agrees with the WHO (2003) position paper on child feeding and assert that breastfeeding should continue up to two years and beyond in addition to the correct age appropriate foods:
Proper feeding of infants and young children can increase their chances of survival. It can also promote optimal growth and development, especially in the critical window from birth to 2 years of age.
Ideally, infants should be breastfed within one hour of birth, breastfed exclusively for the first six months of life and continue to be breastfed up to 2 years of age and beyond.
Starting at 6 months, breastfeeding should be combined with safe, age-appropriate feeding of solid, semi-solid and soft foods.
UNICEF (2018) laid out a guide for the feeding of infants and young children as follows:
-Initiation of breastfeeding (birth)
-Exclusive breastfeeding (< 6 months) -Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods (6-8 months) -Complementary feeding (6-23 months) -Continued breastfeeding (12-23 months) You should offer your 13-month-old three meals and two snacks per day. Give him a daily variety of foods in all food groups: vegetables, fruits, grains, protein and dairy.
Food Ideas For 13-Month-Old
Toddlers tend to get too little calcium, iron and fiber. In addition to dairy products, your child can get calcium from foods such as green leafy veggies, broccoli and tofu. Tofu can provide iron too, as can fortified cereal, dried peaches and lean ground beef. For fiber, you may offer pinto or refried beans, prunes, bananas and whole wheat pasta. You should continue to wean your toddler off the bottle if you haven’t already. At this point, your child should be using a regular cup.
13-Month-Old Feeding Schedule
World Health Organization (2018) recommends that infants should start receiving complementary foods as follows:
6 – 8 months of age
Give complementary foods in addition to breast milk, initially 2-3 times a day between 6-8 months
9 – 11 months
Increase complementary foods to 3-4 times daily
Give complementary foods 3 – 4 times daily
Give additional nutritious snacks 1-2 times per day, as desired.
A 13 month old baby should be eating
Complementary foods three daily
PLUS at least two snacks
PLUS breast milk on demand.
Foods to avoid giving 13 month old baby
Queensland Government (2018) recommends that babies should be fed with a wide range of foods with different flavours and textures. Some foods are not needed and are best to be avoided at this age to reduce the risk of choking or illness. Here is their list of foods to avoid:
– Small, hard foods may cause choking. Avoid foods such as whole nuts, seeds, corn chips, hard lollies, raw carrot, and chunks of apple.
– There is no need to add sugar or salt to foods. They can cause tooth decay and can make extra work for your baby’s small kidneys.
Cow’s milk should not be given as a drink until 12 months of age. Some cow’s milk can be added to food to help with pureeing or mashing.
Honey is not needed and can cause illness in babies younger than 12 months of age. It is unsafe to use honey as a sweetener on dummies or bottles.
-oft drinks, cordials, fruit juice, tea and coffee are not suitable drinks for babies. Breastmilk (or formula) and water are the only fluids your baby needs.
13-month-old Won’t Eat
The child may refuse to eat as frequently as he once did since growth is slowing down and he or she is becoming more independent. The child should not be forced to eat and should be offered healthy, natural foods as often as possible. Failure to eat can be a sign of illness and parents should seek medical attention immediately.
ACTIVITIES FOR A 13-MONTH-OLD
Many 13-month-olds love to play games and mimic their parents as they do household chores.
Fun activities To Do With A 13-Month-Old
Fun activities, games and toys for 13-month-old are:
• Peek-a-boo: Some 13-month-olds can start to play along
• Beginner’s coloring: Give your child some chunky crayons and encourage her to scribble on paper
• Pass the ball: Roll your 13-month-old a ball and see if she’ll roll it back!
• Do chores together: She may see you sweep the floor or wipe the countertop and want to help. 13-MONTH-OLD BABY CHECKLIST/TIPS
• Buy your good shoes. The fit, support and lack of blisters are worth the money, especially for your new walker.
• Set aside at least 5 to 10 minutes a day to read books together with your 13-month-old. This is a calming bedtime routine and a great way to learn and bond.
• Do another safety check of your home. Make sure it’s been baby-proofed for a walker!
Baby Center. (2019). Your 13 month old’s development. Retrieved from
Queensland Government. (2018). Retrieved from Introducing complementary foods: Feeding from around 6 months.
The Bump. (2018). Baby month by month: month 13. Retrieved from
UNICEF. (2018). Monitoring the situation of children and women. Retrieved from https://data.unicef.org/topic/nutrition/infant-and-young-child-feeding/