What are the main developmental milestones in an 11 month old baby?
In this article we will discuss eleven – month old baby milestones for weight, height, senses, climbing, walking, eating, sleep and communication. Safety measures to protect the climbing and crawling infant are also discussed.
Average weight in an 11 month old baby
The average weight for an 11-month-old baby is 19.2 pounds (girls) and 20.8 pounds (boys).
Average height in an 11 month old baby
The average height for girls is 28.7 inches and 29.3 inches for boys.
Development of the five senses in an 11 month old baby
- Baby can see faces up to 20 feet away.
- He or she can easily watch moving objects.
- The baby listens closely to surrounding events and this is integrated with his or her sense of sight.
- The baby likes to poke, prod and rip things! Parents and caregivers can use baby-safe finger paints or old magazines to help the baby to develop the finger muscles.
GROSS MOTOR MILESTONES AT 11 MONTHS
Gross motor skills refer to your baby’s ability to use larger muscles such as those in the feet. Eleven month old gross motor skills include walking with support, climbing and stacking blocks.
Eleven month old babies are becoming more mobile and as a result they begin to explore their surroundings. At this time, the baby walks around by holding onto furniture or the hands of the parent or caregiver. Help your baby to learn about his surroundings by allowing exploration of textures such as the carpet, floor and grass.
- Encourage the baby to walk when you go out by dressing him or her in socks and comfortable baby shoes. Moving and exploring helps the baby to build muscle strength. The baby needs to develop strong muscles in order to carry out more complex movements like pulling to stand and walking. Making your home safe can help your baby move about without getting hurt.
My great nephew began to cruise at about eight months.
SAFETY MEASURES TO PROTECT YOUR WALKING AND CRAWLING BABY
Keep small objects away from your crawling baby.
- Do not store jars of coins or stacks of buttons on or near the ground. Baby might put these objects into his or her mouth and choke.
- Instead, place these small objects in sealed containers at a height that the baby cannot reach. Place them instead into a locked cabinet or a cabinet that is several meters from the ground.
- Prevent your crawling baby from playing with objects like sewing needles, broken glass, nuts and bolts, pins and tacks, batteries, and small toy parts.
- Avoid toys that have thin or spindly bits on them that could break off and pose a choking hazard for your crawling baby.
- Don’t place pillows or duvets in your crawling baby’s crib. They might suffocate on them.
- Make sure the crib isn’t close to hanging cords from window blinds or curtains. The cords used to hang such objects might be used by the crawling baby to strangle.
- Keep knives, breakables, heavy pots, and other dangerous items locked up or out of reach.
How to prevent the baby from swallowing poisons
- Move cleaning agents, medicines, hand sanitizer, vitamins, toiletries, mothballs, dishwasher pods, laundry pods, and other potentially toxic items out of reach or lock them up.
- Move purses out of reach since they may hold medicines, toiletries, and other dangers.
- Control access to unsafe areas with safety gates, door locks, and knob covers.
- Put locks or latches on accessible cabinets and drawers that contain unsafe items
- Keep chemicals, household cleaners, insecticides and other dangerous things high out of reach of the baby.
How to protect the baby during bath time
- Place 2 – 3 inches of water in the tub. That’s enough to cover your baby’s legs.
- Use warm water. Test the temperature with your wrist or thermometer. The water should be about 96 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. It should NOT be hot.
- Never leave babies in the tub unsupervised, not even for a few seconds since they can swiftly move and fall.
- Put nonslip mats in bathtub and on the floor next to the tub.
How to protect the baby from being burnt
- Don’t carry hot food or drink and your baby at the same time.
- Keep hot food and drink away from edges of tables and counters.
- Don’t hold your baby while cooking at stove.
- Turn pot handles toward back of stove.
- Secure oven door with an appliance latch.
- Install a plastic stove guard that blocks access to burners; knob covers.
Protecting baby from electrical outlets, cords, and appliances
- Put safety plugs or outlet covers over unused outlets or block with furniture.
- Hide electrical cords behind furniture or use a hide-a-cord device.
- Keep blow dryers, toasters, and other appliances unplugged and out of reach.
How to protect your baby from falls
- Never leave your baby alone on beds or sofas, in bouncy chairs or highchairs, on changing tables or kitchen islands, or in any other spot that he or she could fall from.
- Use window guards, window stops, and safety netting on windows, decks, and landings.
- Cut looped window-blind cords; use safety tassels and cord stops.
- Install safety gates at the bottom and top of your stairs.
- Block openings wider than 4 inches on railings with plastic garden fencing, Plexiglas, or other material.
- At the store, use the safety belt on your shopping cart (or bring one of your own).
How to make toys baby friendly
- Check toys to determine if they are securely put together and in good condition.
- Check toys for the presence of buttons, eyes, beads, ribbons, or other pieces that a baby could pull off and choke on.
- The toys should not be too heavy in order to prevent a fall on the baby.
- Toys should have no strings or cords longer than 12 inches.
- The toy should be appropriate for a baby’s age and physical skills.
- The toy should not have parts that can be hung around a baby’s neck.
How to protect baby from water injuries
- Don’t leave babies unattended even for a moment in or near a pool or other water.
- Erect fencing around pools at least 4 feet high with a self-closing, self-latching gate.
- Empty wading pools and store them upright after each use.
- Don’t leave even small amounts of water, cleaning solutions, or other liquids in buckets or other containers.
Climbing milestones at 11 months
Climbing is another gross motor skill or milestone that eleven month old babies achieve. The baby will do things like climbing unto couches and climbing over the rail of the crib. As a result, safety interventions become key at this time.
SAFETY MEASURES TO PROTECT YOUR CLIMBING BABY
Move chairs away from tables and counter tops so the baby won’t climb and fall.
- Lock away chemicals, cleaning products, or cosmetics that are within the baby’s reach.
HAND EYE COORDINATION AT 11 MONTHS
Hand-eye coordination means that the baby develops the ability to touch what he or she sees. In other words, babies learn to direct their hands and bring them to the objects that they are looking at.
Hand-eye coordination is a sign of brain development in a baby and parents should assist their baby with this process of brain development.
The question is, “what can your baby do as a result of hand-eye coordination?” Hand eye coordination skills help babies to do things like:
- arranging toys by size and color, so give toys like stacking blocks to play with.
- bringing a spoon to his or her mouth, a skills for eating food.
- holding a pen
- and more
How to help your baby to develop the brain through hand-eye coordination exercises
Parents can train their babies to intentionally touch and grasp objects by:
- Holding an eye-catching toy in front of your baby, within reach. Wait patiently until he reaches out and touches it. Do not move the toy closer.
- Holding the toy at a fixed distance and wait patiently until the baby’s hand reaches it. Your baby will gradually become quicker and more skilled at doing so, until he succeeds in reaching out directly to the toy.
- Holding out objects for your baby to touch while he is in different positions, so that he can improve this ability.
- Shaking a rattle within hands-reach while your baby is lying on his back or on his tummy so that he will have to stretch in order to reach it.
- Shaking a rattle behind the baby’s back while someone else is holding him, so that he will have to turn around and stretch his hand out in another direction.
Eating at eleven months
At eleven months, your baby should feed him or herself. Baby can use fingers and a spoon.
Here are some guidelines for feeding the baby:
- You should continue to breastfeed your baby on demand in order to provide all of those wonderful nutrients and protective substances that are in the breast milk.
- Follow the multi-mix principle when feeding your baby.
- Feed baby with small portions of food at least every three hours in order to provide nutrients and energy for growth.
- The diet should be varied and include whole grains like oatmeal and brown rice, fruit, vegetables, dairy products like cheese and yogurt — and protein — beef, chicken, fish, tofu. Offer a snack in the morning and afternoon to give your baby enough energy to make it through the day. Crackers, fruit, and dry cereal are all good snack options. You will still give 16-20 ounces of milk per day, increasing the use of the sippy cup during the day.
- Add a variety of flavors to encourage your baby to eat different foods. Do not give up if the baby refuses new foods at times. He or she may need to be reintroduced to that food at least eight to twelve times before you see success. Remember that meal times should be enjoyable and that the baby should never be forced to eat.
- Feed your baby healthy food: he’ll probably love finger food, which is also good for developing his fine motor skills. Make sure your baby sits while he’s eating – this can help to prevent choking.
SLEEP IN 11-MONTH OLD BABIES
An 11-month-old baby will sleep on average for about 13 to 14 hours each day. Ten to eleven of these are at night and baby will take about two naps totaling about three hours during the daytime.
Communication milestones in an eleven month old baby
Eleven month old babies begin to communicate by pointing, grunting, nodding, waving and often trying to talk to you too. The babbling sounds are an attempt to talk with others and the baby might say single words like ‘dada’ and ‘mama.’ He or she can understand names and can identify familiar things like family pets.
The baby can follow instructions like ‘Give me the block’ or ‘Put the train down’ and also begins to link words with their meanings. For example, the baby might look around for things or people that you speak about, like “dog” or “grandpa.”
Experts have shown through scientific studies that hearing babies gain considerable benefits when they are taught sign language as a means of communication. Some of these benefits include reduced frustration and tantrums, development of the intelligence and a greater sense of satisfaction.
Tips for helping your eleven month old baby to baby to develop his or her communication skills
- Parents should talk to baby about everyday events since he or she is very interested in conversation. Talking helps the baby to understand the meaning of words.
- Respond when the baby says ‘dada’, ‘mama’ and other words since this encourages two-way conversation and builds your baby’s communication skills.
- Parents should read to the baby in order to help him or her to develop language skills. Reading with the baby helps him or her to speak and to develop the imagination. This can include reading together, teaching the baby the names of things, showing pictures telling stories, singing songs and reciting nursery rhymes.
- Teach the baby how to behave by strengthening good behavior with praise and by correcting inappropriate behaviors with a firm “no.”
- Encourage your baby to become involved in dressing, eating and getting ready for bed in order to develop a sense of independence.
- Play with the baby to develop a feeling of being loved and a feeling of security. Use toys like blocks, cardboard boxes and paints that encourage imagination and creativity. Playing with you helps your baby feel loved and secure.